📺 "The Great British Baking Show" The Final | Netflix

Watched "The Great British Baking Show" The Final from Netflix
Directed by Scott Tankard. With Mel Giedroyc, Sue Perkins, Mary Berry, Paul Hollywood. This week, our contestants bake in the final.
The final four contestants seemed very equally matched, but all with different strengths. This season wasn’t like many in which there are one or two clear standouts with a variety of strengths.

I was shocked that Ruby ultimately made it so far given her dismal performance in the first episode. If she’s as good as she ultimately ended up in the series, she should work on her confidence as that would help tip her over to being truly outstanding. It was nice to see how she grew a bit over the series however.

I really missed having rain on the show.

🔖 davidgchristian tweet: We humans have reduced the biomass of life on earth by 50%

Bookmarked a tweet by David Christian (Twitter)

📺 "The Great British Baking Show" Biscuits and Traybakes | Netflix

Watched "The Great British Baking Show" Biscuits and Traybakes from Netflix
Directed by Scott Tankard. With Mel Giedroyc, Sue Perkins, Mary Berry, Paul Hollywood. This week, our contestants bake biscuits and traybakes.

🎧 Lectures 31-32 of The Story of Human Language by John McWhorter

Listened to Lectures 31-32: The Story of Human Language by John McWhorterJohn McWhorter from The Great Courses: Linguistics

Lecture 31: Language Starts Over—The Creole Continuum
Just as one dialect shades into another, "creoleness" is a continuum concept. Once we know this, we are in a position to put the finishing touches on our conception of how speech varieties are distributed across the globe.

Lecture 32: What Is Black English?
Using insights developed in the course to this point, Professor McWhorter takes a fresh look at Black English, tracing its roots to regional English spoken in Britain and Ireland several centuries ago.

👓 Michael Nielsen On Volitional Philanthropy | Facebook

Read On Volitional Philanthropy (a short essay!) by Michael NielsenMichael Nielsen (facebook.com)

T. E. Lawrence, the English soldier, diplomat and writer, possessed what one of his biographers called a capacity for enablement: he enabled others to make use of abilities they had always possessed but, until their acquaintance with him, had failed to realize. People would come into contact with Lawrence, sometimes for just a few minutes, and their lives would change, often dramatically, as they activated talents they did not know they had.

Most of us have had similar experiences. A wise friend or acquaintance will look deeply into us, and see some latent aspiration, perhaps more clearly than we do ourselves. And they will see that we are capable of taking action to achieve that aspiration, and hold up a mirror showing us that capability in crystalline form. The usual self-doubts are silenced, and we realize with conviction: “yes, I can do this”.

This is an instance of volitional philanthropy: helping expand the range of ways people can act on the world.

I am fascinated by institutions which scale up this act of volitional philanthropy.

Y Combinator is known as a startup incubator. When friends began participating in early batches, I noticed they often came back changed. Even if their company failed, they were more themselves, more confident, more capable of acting on the world. This was a gift of the program to participants [1]. And so I think of Y Combinator as volitional philanthropists.

For a year I worked as a Research Fellow at the Recurse Center. It's a three-month long “writer's retreat for programmers”. It's unstructured: participants are not told what to do. Rather, they must pick projects for themselves, and structure their own path. This is challenging. But the floundering around and difficulty in picking a path is essential for growing one's sense of choice, and of responsibility for choice. And so creating that space is, again, a form of volitional philanthropy.

There are institutions which think they're in the volitional philanthropy game, but which are not. Many educators believe they are. In non-compulsory education that's often true. But compulsory education is built around fundamental denials of volition: the student is denied choice about where they are, what they are doing, and who they are doing it with. With these choices denied, compulsory education shrinks and constrains a student's sense of volition, no matter how progressive it may appear in other ways.

There is something paradoxical in the notion of helping someone develop their volition. By its nature, volition is not something which can be given; it must be taken. Nor do I think “rah-rah” encouragement helps much, since it does nothing to permanently expand the recipient's sense of self. Rather, I suspect the key lies in a kind of listening-for-enablement, as a way of helping people discover what they perhaps do not already know is in themselves. And then explaining honestly and realistically (and with an understanding that one may be in error) what it is one sees. It is interesting to ask both how to develop that ability in ourselves, and in institutions which can scale it up.

[1] It is a median effect. I know people who start companies who become first consumed and then eventually diminished by the role. But most people I've known have been enlarged.

Note, by the way, that I work at Y Combinator Research, which perhaps colours my impression. On the other hand, I've used YC as an example of volitional philanthropy since (I think) 2010, years before I started working for YCR.

Scaling up volitional philanthropy is certainly something worth thinking more about.

📺 "The Great British Baking Show" The Final | Netflix

Watched "The Great British Baking Show" The Final from Netflix
Directed by Andy Devonshire. Just three challenges lie between the three finalists and the trophy. And what a trio of challenges they are: mastery of a classic pastry technique that normally takes a day - in just three hours; a Technical test that requires mastering the basics - with no recipe; and a Showstopper that demands delivery of perfect sponge, caramel, choux pastry and petit four in the bakers' final five hours in ...
Richard Burr was robbed by the nature of evaluation only based on the particular episode. I suspect that if the effort were cumulative, he’d have won out in the 7th episode…

This season had a nice amount of rain in the background, but didn’t seem to be as hot in the tent as in other seasons.