Pro tip: If you’re going to falsify documents, it’s probably a good idea to learn how computers work.
Silicon Valley has lost some of its shine in recent months, what with the “fake news” and the bots and the hacks and the hate speech. All the promises about the democratization of information and power ring a little hollow nowadays. I’d say they rang a little hollow all along. Of course that’s what I’d say. I’ve been saying it for years now. There’s a new tale that’s being told with increasing frequency these days, in which tech industry executives and employees come forward – sometimes quite sheepishly, sometimes quite boldly – and admit that they have regrets, that they’re no longer “believers,” that they now recognize their work has been damaging to individuals and to society at large, that they were wrong. These aren’t apologies as much as they’re confessions.
An essay about technologists saying the equivalent of “Do as I say, not as I do.” and “Don’t pay any attention to that man behind the curtain.”Syndicated copies to:
Talk a walk down memory lane with Gene as he tells stories of Pasadena Startups Past, Present and Future. I am the Forrest Gump of Internet - I have worked in the worked with some of the pioneers and innovators all with origin stories to Pasadena: GoTo, Overture, Yahoo, YP, Chegg, WhatsApp, Tinder, Google Adword/AdSense/Photos, Sellbrite. So come take a seat on the bench and listen to my story. Pasadena tech is like a box of chocolates - you'll never know what you're gonna get. Bio: Gene is a software veteran and Internet executive known for his expertise in mobile, social, cloud, Big Data, search marketing and eCommerce. He is currently VP of Engineering at Sellbrite.com a eCommerce SaaS startup in Pasadena. Before that he was CTO of Synctree.com a Ruby/Node and DevOps-as-a-Service boutique development shop. He was the CTO of Oversee.net a $100M Consumer Mobile and Domain Monetization company. Before that he was Director of Engineering at Chegg, an online network for college students that offers assistance with homework, course selection and textbook rentals. He was also Executive Director of AT&T Interactive, building and leading teams for YP Mobile, Data Systems and Buzz.com. He also served as Director of Engineering at Yahoo Search Marketing/Overture where he built large-scale search marketing platforms. Gene is currently a on Board of Directors for Innovate Pasadena, a mentor for Mucker Labs, as well as advisor to mobile startups. Gene is a frequent speaker at tech industry events and has received numerous industry awards. He graduated Magna cum Laude with a B.S. in Biochemistry from the University of California, Los Angeles and lives in San Marino with a very supportive wife Jacki and 3 kids.
How a plan to kill the fax machine with policy went awry.
This is a painfully sad and frustrating story. It also seems like something that business/capitalism isn’t going to solve on its own, but something which is crying out for an open spec to help things along. (And after that, if a business can come up with a better/faster solution, then more power to them.)
I can only think of the painful inefficiencies that are lurking in our healthcare system. And we wonder why things are so stupidly expensive?
This is a great example where applying César A. Hidalgo’s theory from Why Information Grows to decrease the friction for creating links can eliminate inefficiencies and create larger value. I still want to refine his statement into something simple and usable for both business and governmental use as well as to come up with some reasonably understandable math to provide a “proof” of the value.Syndicated copies to:
Following months of hard work, we are finally ready to publish our 2017 e-book, Education and Technology: critical approaches. This bilingual collection brings together 12 chapters written by researchers based in Brazil, Australia, Scotland, England and USA. The work has been edited by Giselle Ferreira, Alexandre Rosado e Jaciara Carvalho, members of the ICT in Educational Processes Research Group, who maintain this blog (mostly in Portuguese – at least so far!). From the editors’ Introduction: "This volume offers a measure of sobriety in reaction to the excesses and hyperboles found in the mainstream literature on Education and Technology. The pieces (…) tackle questions of power and consider contextual and historical specificities, escaping the usual euphoria that surrounds digital technology and adopting different perspectives on our current historical moment."
Available as a free .pdf download.
For more information see the blog post for the event at http://virtuallyconnecting.org/blog/2017/05/31/domains17/
Indieweb for Education: Some thoughts after the Domains 17 Conference
There’s some interesting discussion of Indieweb-related principles in this live-streamed (and recorded) conversation (below) from the Domains 2017 conference for educators and technologists which covers a lot of what I’d consider to be Indieweb for Education applications.
In particular, some asked about alternate projects for basing education projects around which aren’t WordPress. Some suggested using WithKnown which is spectacular for its interaction model and flexibility. I suspect that many in the conversation haven’t heard of or added webmentions (for cross-site/cross-platform conversations or notifications) or micropub to their WordPress (or other) sites to add those pieces of functionality that Known comes with out of the box.
Another section of the conversation mentioned looking for ways to take disparate comments from students on their web presences and aggregating them in a more unified manner for easier consumption by the teacher and other students (as opposed to subscribing to each and every student’s RSS feed, a task which can be onerous in classrooms larger than 20 people). To me this sounded like the general concept of a planet, and there are a few simple ways of accomplishing this already, specifically using RSS.
An Invitation to Attendees
I’d invite those in attendance at the Domains 17 conference to visit not only the Indieweb wiki, but to feel free to actively participate in the on-going daily discussions (via IRC/Slack/Matrix/Web). I suspect that if there’s enough need/desire that the community would create a dedicated #education channel to help spur the effort to continue to push the idea of owning one’s own domain and using it for educational purposes out into the mainstream. The wiki pages and the always-on chat could be useful tools to help keep many of the educators and technologists who attended Domains17 not only connected after the event, but allow them to continue to push the envelope and document their progress for the benefit of others.
I’ll admit that one of my favorite parts of the Indieweb wiki is that it aggregates the work of hundreds of others in an intuitive way so that if I’m interested in a particular subject I can usually see the attempts that others have made (or at least links to them), determine what worked and didn’t for them, and potentially find the best solution for my particular use case. (I suspect that this is some of what’s missing in the “Domains” community at the moment based on several conversations I heard over the past several days.)
If you’d like, please add yourself to the growing list of Indieweb related educators and technologists. If you need help connecting to any of the community resources and/or chat/IRC/Slack, etc. I’m more than happy to help. Just call, email, or contact me via your favorite channel.
… and they’ve got help.
In Our Computers, Ourselves, a look at the ways technology affects us, and the main question is : Are computers changing human character? You'll hear from cyborgs, bullies, neuroscientists and police chiefs about whether our closeness with computers is changing us as a species.
Possibly not as interesting to me because I’ve watched this space more closely over the past 20 years or so. Still it’s an interesting episode asking some great questions.
I can’t believe I flew through season one so quickly.Syndicated copies to:
Fitbit today released preliminary results for its upcoming fourth quarter earnings report, and the news isn’t good.
In September, the first reports of Samsung Galaxy Note 7 batteries exploding hit social media. At first, Samsung identified the issue as one relating to the lithium polymer battery manufacturing process by Samsung SDI, where too much tension was used in manufacturing, and offered to repair affected phones. But several weeks later, some of the batteries in those replacement units also exploded once they were in the hands of customers -- causing Samsung to make the bold decision to not only recall everything, but to cancel the entire product line. This is every battery engineer’s nightmare. As hardware engineers ourselves, Sam and I followed the story closely. If it was only a battery part issue and could have been salvaged by a re-spin of the battery, why cancel the product line and cede several quarters of revenue to competitors? We believe that there was more in play: that there was a fundamental problem with the design of the phone itself.
I’m slowly nearing the end of the entire Fletch series, but they still manage to stay relevant and interesting. Fletch and the Man Who is certainly no exception. In fact, I might argue that it is not only still very relevant to modern culture, but that it has actually ripened with age.
Caxton’s Technology Platform
The most interesting portions of the book were the prescience of the role of technology in modern life that were described within it. Mcdonald wrote this in 1983 long before the advent or ubiquitization of satellite communications, cellular phones, desktop computers, and even the internet. Yet somehow the discussion being pushed by the lead presidential candidate in the story feels very forward thinking and is highly relevant even today. Given the rise of Twitter and Facebook, it may actually be more interesting and relevant today than when the book was written in the early 1980s. Interestingly it feels like we have yet to figure out where technology is taking us. This book brings up a lot of philosophical ideas that we’re still heavily grappling with and on even deeper levels. Some of the mentions of religion and politics are all still alive and well in the modern political scene (though Communism/Marxism have died and disappeared after this book was written) and are just as touchy in their relation to technology. The recent presidential campaign certainly highlighted some of these technology issues, particularly with relation to the effect on political communication via fake news and Facebook. Mcdonald takes aim at the idea of “truth” within a political campaign and having a well informed electorate.
There is some really great satire on politics in the book. Oddly, not much of it originates with Fletch or his views on life. While there are a handful of good zingers that Fletch delivers in his wry signature fashion, this book seemed like a major departure in that the supporting characters take on the typical Fletch role of smartasses. This felt interesting and almost natural from a storytelling point of view as Fletch himself actually throws off his typical rebel character mantle to “join the establishment” and run interference for the presidential candidate’s press corps. Most interesting to me a lot of the mentions about politics still play as well today as they did 30+ years ago.
We meet one of Fletch’s old war buddies and learn a few new pieces of backstory that flesh out his character a bit more, which is something I didn’t expect as much of at this point in the series.
There isn’t as much sexual tension in this as in some of the past works, but Freddie Arbuthnot makes a reappearance and really forces Fletch to work overtime for her approval. This seemed more interesting to me than some of Fletch’s past sexual exploits which seemed to come too easily for him. It’s more interesting to see him have to work at creating a relationship, particularly with a woman who had previously thrown herself at him.
Of interest to me with regard to the plotting and the reveal at the end was that there were a nice number of potential suspects. Better, despite my decade+ affair with Law & Order and similar procedurals on television, there was just enough psychological subtlety and distance that the reveal of the killer was not only well motivated but also hidden enough to be entertaining right up to the end. (No spoilers here…)
One thing I did miss was the complete lack of phony characters invented by Fletch as cover stories. To my recollection there were none in this installment. I did however notice that a despicable character in the plot had the name Hanrahan which was (probably not coincidentally) one of the fictional names that popped up in a cover story Fletch spun in the film version of the first book:
Well now, you know that and I know that, but… somebody’s bucking for a promotion. Probably that pederast Hanrahan. I don’t know. All I know is if I don’t go back with something, you and your son-in-law are going to be the scapegoats of the week.
This book would have been out and available well in advance of the May 31, 1985 release of the film.
There were a few tidbits that could have been better resolved at the end (what was Caxton really doing during those disappearances?), but overall, this was a very satisfying and interesting read. It’s certainly made me think about politics and the philosophy of technology in a different way than I have been recently, and for that this may have been to me the most interesting book in the series so far. Some of the philosophy in particular deserves additional thought and study, and may motivate me to actually re-read this one.
- 08/7/16 marked as: want to read; “The Rio Olympics reminded me that I’d gotten Carioca Fletch to read back in the 80’s and never got around to it, so I thought I’d come back and revisit the series.”
- 11/03/16 started reading
- 11/03/16 02.0% done
- 11/05/16 03.0% done
- 11/08/16 04.0% done
- 11/11/16 08.0% done
- 11/20/16 18.0% done
- 11/21/16 21.0% done; “Fletch has a new job, and like usual, the first few minutes of the book throw us right into a riveting high concept. Where we’re ultimately headed is anyone’s guess…”
- 11/22/16 22.0% done
- 11/23/16 35.0% done; “Usually Fletch is the one with all the sharp, ascerbic statements, but in this installment I’m noticing that he’s the tame one and everyone else is somehow playing the part he usually does.”
- 11/24/16 56.0% done
- 11/25/16 Finished book; “There’s some great stuff in the last half of the book about Wheeler’s platform that is eerily prescient of the situation we now find ourselves in with regard to a heavily internet connected world and who owns it. It’s also an odd feeling reading this after experiencing what’s recently happened in the 2016 presidential election and it’s ensuing results.”
Highlights, Quotes, & Marginalia
Added on Thursday, November 3, 2016 11:39:44 PM
Added on Thursday, November 3, 2016 11:41:19 PM
Added on Thursday, November 3, 2016 11:44:42 PM
“No,” she answered. “I’m on my way up.”
Added on Thursday, November 3, 2016 11:46:06 PM
“My dentist doesn’t subscribe.”
Added on Thursday, November 3, 2016 11:46:52 PM
“Not on crime. Gross stuff, crime. Reports on what the coroner found in the victim’s lower intestine. I don’t even want to know what’s in my own lower intestine.”
Added on Saturday, November 5, 2016 11:06:02 PM
Added on Saturday, November 5, 2016 11:07:46 PM
“Funny,” said The Man Who. “I thought the government is.
Added on Saturday, November 5, 2016 11:10:36 PM
Added on Tuesday, November 8, 2016 2:16:39 AM
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:36:20 PM
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:37:00 PM
“On an American western artist. You know: Edgar Arthur Tharp, Junior.”
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:39:22 PM
“Who said that?”
“I did. I think.”
“You’re wrong. But it has a nice ring to it.”
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:40:09 PM
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:46:35 PM
“You can save a lot of money by not smoking.”
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:48:09 PM
“Just one, for now.”
“And what would that be?”
“To be loyal to you.” Fletch grinned. “Until I get a better offer. Isn’t that what you just said politics is all about?”
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:48:48 PM
Added on Friday, November 11, 2016 9:51:55 PM
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 9:38:17 AM
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 9:52:16 AM
“Had to spend some time in the bar, Mother. Something happened. This girl—”
Doris Wheeler slapped her son, hard.
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 9:58:41 AM
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 9:58:55 AM
“Now you’re leaving out Arbuthnot!” said Joe Hall.
“All creatures great and small?” asked the governor.
“Why’s that man up there calling us a bunch of animals?” Stella Kirchner asked Bill Dieckmann loudly. “Trying to get elected game warden or something?”
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 10:00:49 AM
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 10:05:24 AM
“That’s another thing,” Fletch said. “I will never evade any of your questions.” He turned the microphone off and hung it up.
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 10:06:40 AM
“Some people,” announced Fletch, “think I always have been.”
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 10:07:28 AM
“You’ll never make it.”
“I know it.”
“That’s all right.” She patted him on the arm. “I’ll destroy you as painlessly as possible.”
“Great. I’d appreciate that. Are you sure you’re up to it?”
“Up to what?”
“It will be easy,” she said. “Because of all those conflicts in yourself. You’ve never tried to be a member of the establishment before, Fletch. I mean, let’s face it: you’re a born-and-bred rebel.”
“I bought a necktie for this job.”
She studied his solid red tie. “Nice one, too. Looks like you’re already bleeding from the neck.”
“Got it in the airport in Little Rock.”
“No. They had five or six to choose from.”
“That was the best?”
“I thought so.”
“You only bought one, though, right?”
“Didn’t know how long this job would last.”
“Glad you didn’t make too big an investment in your future as a member of the establishment.”
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 10:12:26 AM
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 10:13:54 AM
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 10:19:14 AM
Added on Sunday, November 20, 2016 11:50:32 PM
Added on Monday, November 21, 2016 12:01:09 AM
Added on Monday, November 21, 2016 12:01:26 AM
Added on Monday, November 21, 2016 12:01:49 AM
Added on Monday, November 21, 2016 12:01:59 AM
Added on Monday, November 21, 2016 12:02:51 AM
Added on Monday, November 21, 2016 12:06:32 AM
Added on Monday, November 21, 2016 12:07:43 AM
Added on Tuesday, November 22, 2016 4:20:14 AM
“Yeah,” Freddie said. “Everyone in the country who can’t read, reads Newsbill. Big deal.”
Added on Tuesday, November 22, 2016 4:22:00 AM
Added on Tuesday, November 22, 2016 4:24:11 AM
Added on Tuesday, November 22, 2016 4:25:06 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:07:07 AM
“You don’t like lawyers either?”
“Even lawyers’ mothers don’t like lawyers. If you do a survey, I think you’ll find that lawyers’ mothers are the strongest advocates of legal abortions in the land.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:08:02 AM
“Anything your heart desires. You know a man more from his questions than from his answers. Who said that?”
“You just did.”
“Let’s not make a note of it.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:13:37 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:15:01 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:15:43 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:16:59 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:17:41 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:19:22 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:25:09 AM
“Oh, yes,” the governor said. “They couldn’t have played ‘America’ that badly without practicing it.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:34:41 AM
“You don’t know?”
“Some press rep. you are. You ever been on a campaign before?”
“You’re cute, Fletcher. But I don’t think you should be on this one, either.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:36:05 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:37:18 AM
“The answer is yes,” she said. “Anytime. You don’t even have to bring a bottle of wine.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:39:17 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:40:26 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:43:07 AM
“What’s a rum toff?”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:47:17 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:53:21 AM
I read this little snipe at Fletch (and the ubiquitous mention of his disliked first name) as a blatant reference to the Gelett Burgess nonsense poem Purple Cow first published in 1895. One will note the reference comes via verbal transmission rather than direct as the line is slightly modified.
I never saw a Purple Cow,
I never hope to see one;
But I can tell you, anyhow,
I’d rather see than be one. 
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:53:41 AM
The bus driver said: “Just guessed.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 12:54:59 AM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:04:32 PM
“Yell with the toothache,” Paul Dobson said. “They’re yelling because it makes their teeth hurt!”
“Make ’em hypertensive with sugar at breakfast,” Phil Nolting intoned, as if quoting, “then slap ’em down at school.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:05:14 PM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:08:55 PM
“Who was he?”
“Cooked for Henry the Eighth.” The governor gave him a weird look. “Buried under the chapel at the Tower of London. Forgot to take the poultry lacers out of roast falcons.”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:10:20 PM
Fletch said: “Wow.”
“… The Third World, as it’s called, is no longer something out there—separate from us, inconsequential to us. Whether we like it or not, the world is becoming more sensitive. The world is becoming covered with a network of fine nerves—an electronic nervous system not unlike that which integrates our own bodies. Our finger hurts, our toe hurts and we feel it as much as if our head aches or our heart aches. Instantly now do we feel the pain in Montevideo, in Juddah, in Bandung. And yes, my friends in Winslow, we feel the pains from our own, internal third world—from Harlem, from Watts, from our reservations of Native Americans …”
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:19:01 PM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:20:04 PM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:23:02 PM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:31:09 PM
Added on Wednesday, November 23, 2016 2:32:14 PM
“Well,” Fletch said, “roughly he said the world is getting it together despite man’s best ideas.”
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 12:34:30 AM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 12:36:52 AM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 4:15:48 PM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:01:08 PM
Doris Wheeler’s voice became that of a reasonable lecturer. “Caxton, you know damned well the farmers and merchants of Winslow, of the U.S.A., do not want to hear about the Third World. They want to hear about their taxes, their health programs, their Social Security, their defense, their crop subsidies. The voter is a totally selfish animal! Every time the voter hears the name of a foreign country, he thinks it’s going to cost him money.”
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:08:02 PM
“I take a cold shower in the morning.”
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:19:55 PM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:23:45 PM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:27:10 PM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:28:31 PM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:30:11 PM
“Unreal, man. Totally unreal.”
“I believe you. On television you were wearing a coat and tie.”
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:36:02 PM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:38:44 PM
“Two yesterday. No outstanding warrants on you, though. I check first thing every morning.”
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:41:16 PM
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:41:30 PM
“Tits for that,” Judy said.
Added on Thursday, November 24, 2016 8:49:38 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:43:29 AM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:46:51 AM
Slowly, carefully, Fletch said, “No. That’s why the chicken crossed the road.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:58:20 AM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:59:21 AM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 3:10:08 AM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 3:14:29 AM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 3:17:32 AM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 3:22:48 AM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 12:57:58 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 1:00:02 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 1:03:51 PM
“Am I wrong to think that most of the bad things that happen on this earth happen because people don’t have the right facts at the right time? It’s all very well to believe something. You can go cheering to war over what you believe. You can starve to death happily over what you believe. But would wars ever happen if everybody had the same facts? There is no factual basis for starvation on this earth,” Governor Caxton Wheeler said softly. “Not yet, there isn’t.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 1:12:03 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 1:14:56 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 1:55:45 PM
“Yeah,” Fletch said. “That’s the difference between boys and girls.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:03:34 PM
“I never wear that jacket.”
“Then why do you carry it?”
“That’s the jacket I carry.” He pointed to one on the unmade bed. “That’s the jacket I wear.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:06:12 PM
“I live out of a suitcase, Fletcher. All the time. Anything that doesn’t fit in the suitcase can’t come with me.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:07:24 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:14:13 PM
“Oh, I see,” Fletch said brilliantly. “That’s why people refer to what you write as questionable. ’Bye, Mike.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:17:07 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 2:18:05 PM
“Politically, it’s suicide. As I said last night. You can knock the institutions on their goddamned asses,” her voice grated, “as long as you always give them lip service. That’s the only reality.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 3:23:19 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 3:29:59 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 3:31:58 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 4:21:02 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 4:28:09 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 7:24:10 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 7:25:34 PM
“You’re good at that.”
“I think it’s what I do best.”
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 8:02:31 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 8:11:08 PM
Added on Friday, November 25, 2016 8:11:22 PM
Guide to highlight colors
Yellow–general highlights and highlights which don’t fit under another category below
Orange–Vocabulary word; interesting and/or rare word
Green–Reference to read
Red–Example to work through
If you missed the notes from Day 1, see this post.
It may take me a week or so to finish putting some general thoughts and additional resources together based on the two day conference so that I might give a more thorough accounting of my opinions as well as next steps. Until then, I hope that the details and mini-archive of content below may help others who attended, or provide a resource for those who couldn’t make the conference.
Overall, it was an incredibly well programmed and run conference, so kudos to all those involved who kept things moving along. I’m now certainly much more aware at the gaping memory hole the internet is facing despite the heroic efforts of a small handful of people and institutions attempting to improve the situation. I’ll try to go into more detail later about a handful of specific topics and next steps as well as a listing of resources I came across which may provide to be useful tools for both those in the archiving/preserving and IndieWeb communities.
Archive of materials for Day 2
Below are the recorded audio files embedded in .m4a format (using a Livescribe Pulse Pen) for several sessions held throughout the day. To my knowledge, none of the breakout sessions were recorded except for the one which appears below.
Summarizing archival collections using storytelling techniques
Presentation: Summarizing archival collections using storytelling techniques by Michael Nelson, Ph.D., Old Dominion University
Saving the first draft of history
Special guest speaker: Saving the first draft of history: The unlikely rescue of the AP’s Vietnam War files by Peter Arnett, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for journalism
Kiss your app goodbye: the fragility of data journalism
Panel: Kiss your app goodbye: the fragility of data journalism
Featuring Meredith Broussard, New York University; Regina Lee Roberts, Stanford University; Ben Welsh, The Los Angeles Times; moderator Martin Klein, Ph.D., Los Alamos National Laboratory
The future of the past: modernizing The New York Times archive
Panel: The future of the past: modernizing The New York Times archive
Featuring The New York Times Technology Team: Evan Sandhaus, Jane Cotler and Sophia Van Valkenburg; moderated by Edward McCain, RJI and MU Libraries
Lightning Rounds: Six Presenters
Lightning rounds (in two parts)
Six + one presenters: Jefferson Bailey, Terry Britt, Katherine Boss (and team), Cynthia Joyce, Mark Graham, Jennifer Younger and Kalev Leetaru
1: Jefferson Bailey, Internet Archive, “Supporting Data-Driven Research using News-Related Web Archives” 2: Terry Britt, University of Missouri, “News archives as cornerstones of collective memory” 3: Katherine Boss, Meredith Broussard and Eva Revear, New York University: “Challenges facing preservation of born-digital news applications” 4: Cynthia Joyce, University of Mississippi, “Keyword ‘Katrina’: Re-collecting the unsearchable past” 5: Mark Graham, Internet Archive/The Wayback Machine, “Archiving news at the Internet Archive” 6: Jennifer Younger, Catholic Research Resources Alliance: “Digital Preservation, Aggregated, Collaborative, Catholic” 7. Kalev Leetaru, senior fellow, The George Washington University and founder of the GDELT Project: A Look Inside The World’s Largest Initiative To Understand And Archive The World’s News
Technology and Community
Presentation: Technology and community: Why we need partners, collaborators, and friends by Kate Zwaard, Library of Congress
Breakout: Working with CMS
Working with CMS, led by Eric Weig, University of Kentucky
Alignment and reciprocity
Alignment & reciprocity by Katherine Skinner, Ph.D., executive director, the Educopia Institute
Closing remarks by Edward McCain, RJI and MU Libraries and Todd Grappone, associate university librarian, UCLA
Live Tweet Archive
Reminder: In many cases my tweets don’t reflect direct quotes of the attributed speaker, but are often slightly modified for clarity and length for posting to Twitter. I have made a reasonable attempt in all cases to capture the overall sentiment of individual statements while using as many original words of the participant as possible. Typically, for speed, there wasn’t much editing of these notes. Below I’ve changed the attribution of one or two tweets to reflect the proper person(s). Fore convenience, I’ve also added a few hyperlinks to useful resources after the fact that didn’t have time to make the original tweets. I’ve attached .m4a audio files of most of the audio for the day (apologies for shaky quality as it’s unedited) which can be used for more direct attribution if desired. The Reynolds Journalism Institute videotaped the entire day and livestreamed it. Presumably they will release the video on their website for a more immersive experience.
Condoms were required issue in Vietnam–we used them to waterproof film containers in the field.
Do not stay close to the head of a column, medics, or radiomen. #warreportingadvice
I told the AP I would undertake the task of destroying all the reporters’ files from the war.
Instead the AP files moved around with me.
Eventually the 10 trunks of material went back to the AP when they hired a brilliant archivist.
“The negatives can outweigh the positives when you’re in trouble.”
Our first panel:Kiss your app goodbye: the fragility of data jornalism
I teach data journalism at NYU
A news app is not what you’d install on your phone
Dollars for Docs is a good example of a news app
A news app is something that allows the user to put themself into the story.
Often there are three CMSs: web, print, and video.
News apps don’t live in any of the CMSs. They’re bespoke and live on a separate data server.
This has implications for crawlers which can’t handle them well.
Then how do we save news apps? We’re looking at examples and then generalizing.
Everyblock.com was a good example based on chicagocrime and later bought by NBC and shut down.
What?! The internet isn’t forever? Databases need to be save differently than web pages.
Reprozip was developed by NYU Center for Data and we’re using it to save the code, data, and environment.
We make apps that serve our audience.
We also make internal tools that empower the newsroom.
We also use our nerdy skills to do cool things.
Most of us aren’t good programmers, we “cheat” by using frameworks.
Frameworks do a lot of basic things for you, so you don’t have to know how to do it yourself.
Archiving tools often aren’t built into these frameworks.
Instagram, Pinterest, Mozilla, and the LA Times use django as our framework.
Memento for WordPress is a great way to archive pages.
We must do more. We need archiving baked into the systems from the start.
Slides at http://bit.ly/frameworkfix
Got data? I’m a librarian at Stanford University.
I’ll mention Christine Borgman’s book Big Data, Little Data, No data.
Journalists are great data liberators: FOIA requests, cleaning data, visualizing, getting stories out of data.
But what happens to the data once the story is published?
BLDR: Big Local Digital Repository, an open repository for sharing open data.
For metadata: www.ddialliance.org, RDF, International Image Interoperability Framework (iiif) and MODS
We’ll open up for questions.
What’s more important: obey copyright laws or preserving the content?
The new creative commons licenses are very helpful, but we have to be attentive to many issues.
Perhaps archiving it and embargoing for later?
Saving the published work is more important to me, and the rest of the byproduct is gravy.
I work for the New York Times, you may have heard of it…
Talking about modernizing the born-digital legacy content.
Our problem was how to make an article from 2004 look like it had been published today.
There were 100’s of thousands of articles missing.
There was no one definitive list of missing articles.
Outlining the workflow for reconciling the archive XML and the definitive list of URLs for conversion.
It’s important to use more than one source for building an archive.
I’m going to talk about all of “the little things” that came up along the way..
Article Matching: Fusion – How to convert print XML with web HTML that was scraped.
Primarily, we looked at common phrases between the corpus of the two different data sets.
We prioritized the print data over the digital data.
We maintain a system called switchboard that redirects from old URLs to the new ones to prevent link rot.
The case of the missing sections: some sections of the content were blank and not transcribed.
We made the decision of taking out data we had in lieu of making a better user experience for missing sections.
In the future, we’d also like to put photos back into the articles.
Can you discuss the decision to go with a more modern interface rather than a traditional archive of how it looked?
Some of the decision was to get the data into an accessible format for modern users.
We do need to continue work on preserving the original experience.
Is there a way to distinguish between the print version and the online versions in the archive?
Could a researcher do work on the entire corpora? Is it available for subscription?
We do have a sub-section of data availalbe, but don’t have it prior to 1960.
Have you documented the process you’ve used on this preservation project?
We did save all of the code for the project within GitHub.
We do have meeting notes which provide some documentation, though they’re not thorough.
Oh dear. Of roughly 1,155 tweets I counted about #DtMH2016 in the last week, roughly 25% came from me. #noisy
Opensource tool I had mentioned to several: @wallabagapp A self-hostable application for saving web pages https://www.wallabag.org
Today I spent most of the majority of the day attending the first of a two day conference at UCLA’s Charles Young Research Library entitled “Dodging the Memory Hole: Saving Online News.” While I knew mostly what I was getting into, it hadn’t really occurred to me how much of what is on the web is not backed up or archived in any meaningful way. As a part of human nature, people neglect to back up any of their data, but huge swaths of really important data with newsworthy and historic value is being heavily neglected. Fortunately it’s an interesting enough problem to draw the 100 or so scholars, researchers, technologists, and journalists who showed up for the start of an interesting group being conglomerated through the Reynolds Journalism Institute and several sponsors of the event.
What particularly strikes me is how many of the philosophies of the IndieWeb movement and tools developed by it are applicable to some of the problems that online news faces. I suspect that if more journalists were practicing members of the IndieWeb and used their sites not only for collecting and storing the underlying data upon which they base their stories, but to publish them as well, then some of the (future) archival process may be easier to accomplish. I’ve got so many disparate thoughts running around my mind after the first day that it’ll take a bit of time to process before I write out some more detailed thoughts.
Twitter List for the Conference
As a reminder to those attending, I’ve accumulated a list of everyone who’s tweeted with the hashtag #DtMH2016, so that attendees can more easily follow each other as well as communicate online following our few days together in Los Angeles. Twitter also allows subscribing to entire lists too if that’s something in which people have interest.
Archiving the day
It seems only fitting that an attendee of a conference about saving and archiving digital news, would make a reasonable attempt to archive some of his experience right?! Toward that end, below is an archive of my tweetstorm during the day marked up with microformats and including hovercards for the speakers with appropriate available metadata. For those interested, I used a fantastic web app called Noter Live to capture, tweet, and more easily archive the stream.
Note that in many cases my tweets don’t reflect direct quotes of the attributed speaker, but are often slightly modified for clarity and length for posting to Twitter. I have made a reasonable attempt in all cases to capture the overall sentiment of individual statements while using as many original words of the participant as possible. Typically, for speed, there wasn’t much editing of these notes. I’m also attaching .m4a audio files of most of the audio for the day (apologies for shaky quality as it’s unedited) which can be used for more direct attribution if desired. The Reynolds Journalism Institute videotaped the entire day and livestreamed it. Presumably they will release the video on their website for a more immersive experience.
If you prefer to read the stream of notes in the original Twitter format, so that you can like/retweet/comment on individual pieces, this link should give you the entire stream. Naturally, comments are also welcome below.
Below are the audio files for several sessions held throughout the day.
Greetings and Keynote
Greetings: Edward McCain, digital curator of journalism, Donald W. Reynolds Journalism Institute (RJI) and University of Missouri Libraries and Ginny Steel, university librarian, UCLA
Keynote: Digital salvage operations — what’s worth saving? given by Hjalmar Gislason, vice president of data, Qlik
Why save online news? and NewsScape
Panel: “Why save online news?” featuring Chris Freeland, Washington University; Matt Weber, Ph.D., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey; Laura Wrubel, The George Washington University; moderator Ana Krahmer, Ph.D., University of North Texas
Presentation: “NewsScape: preserving TV news” given by Tim Groeling, Ph.D., UCLA Communication Studies Department
Born-digital news preservation in perspective
Speaker: Clifford Lynch, Ph.D., executive director, Coalition for Networked Information on “Born-digital news preservation in perspective”
Live Tweet Archive
Getting Noter Live fired up for Dodging the Memory Hole 2016: Saving Online News https://www.rjionline.org/dtmh2016
I’m glad I’m not at NBC trying to figure out the details for releasing THE APPRENTICE tapes.
Let’s thank @UCLA and the library for hosting us all.
While you’re here, don’t forget to vote/provide feedback throughout the day for IMLS
Someone once pulled up behind me and said “Hi Tiiiigeeerrr!” #Mizzou
A server at the Missourian crashed as the system was obsolete and running on baling wire. We lost 15 years of archives
The dean & head of Libraries created a position to save born digital news.
We’d like to help define stake-holder roles in relation to the problem.
Newspaper is really an outmoded term now.
I’d like to celebrate that we have 14 student scholars here today.
We’d like to have you identify specific projects that we can take to funding sources to begin work after the conference
We’ll be going to our first speaker who will be introduced by Martin Klein from Los Alamos.
Hjalmar Gislason is a self-described digital nerd. He’s the Vice President of Data.
I wonder how one becomes the President of Data?
My Icelandic name may be the most complicated part of my talk this morning.
Speaking on Digital Salvage Operations: What’s worth Saving”
My father in law accidentally threw away my wife’s favorite stuffed animal. #DeafTeddy
Some people just throw everything away because they’re not being used. Others keep everything and don’t throw it away.
The fundamental question: Do you want to save everything or do you want to get rid of everything?
I joined @qlik two years ago and moved to Boston.
Before that I was with spurl.net which was about saving copies of webpages they’d previously visited.
I had also previously invested in kjarninn which is translated as core.
We used to have little data, now we’re with gigantic data and moving to gargantuan data soon.
One of my goals today is to broaden our perspective about what data needs saving.
There’s the Web, the “Deep” Web, then there’s “Other” data which is at the bottom of the pyramid.
I got to see into the process of #panamapapers but I’d like to discuss the consequences from April 3rd.
The amount of meetings were almost more than could have been covered in real time in Iceland.
The #panamapapers were a soap opera, much like US politics.
Looking back at the process is highly interesting, but it’s difficult to look at all the data as they unfoldedd
How can we capture all the media minute by minute as a story unfolds.
You can’t trust that you can go back to a story at a certain time and know that it hasn’t been changed. #1984 #Orwell
There was a relatively pro-HRC piece earlier this year @NYTimes that was changed.
Newsdiffs tracks changes in news over time. The HRC article had changed a lot.
Let’s say you referenced @CNN 10 years ago, likely now, the CMS and the story have both changed.
8 years ago, I asked, wouldn’t we like to have the social media from Iceland’s only Nobel Laureate as a teenager?
What is private/public, ethical/unethical when dealing with data?
Much data is hidden behind passwords or on systems which are not easily accessed from a database perspective.
Most of the content published on Facebook isn’t public. It’s hard to archive in addition to being big.
We as archivists have no claim on the hidden data within Facebook.
The #indieweb could help archivists in the future in accessing more personal data.
Then there’s “other” data: 500 hours of video us uploaded to YouTube per minute.
No organization can go around watching all of this video data. Which parts are newsworthy?
Content could surface much later or could surface through later research.
Hornbjargsviti lighthouse recorded the weather every three hours for years creating lots of data.
And that was just one of hundreds of sites that recorded this type of data in Iceland.
Lots of this data is lost. Much that has been found was by coincidence. It was never thought to archive it.
This type of weather data could be very valuable to researchers later on.
There was also a large archive of Icelandic data that was found.
Showing a timelapse of Icelandic earthquakes https://vimeo.com/24442762
You can watch the magma working it’s way through the ground before it makes it’s way up through the land.
National Geographic featured this video in a documentary.
Sometimes context is important when it comes to data. What is archived today may be more important later.
As the economic crisis unfolded in Greece, it turned out the data that was used to allow them into EU was wrong.
The data was published at the time of the crisis, but there was no record of what the data looked like 5 years earlier.
Only way to recreate the data was to take prior printed sources. This is usu only done in extraordinary cirucumstances.
We captured 150k+ data sets with more than 8 billion “facts” which was just a tiny fraction of what exists.
How can we delve deeper into large data sets, all with different configurations and proprietary systems.
“There’s a story in every piece of data.”
Once a year energy consumption seems to dip because February has fewer days than other months. Plotting it matters.
Year over year comparisons can be difficult because of things like 3 day weekends which shift over time.
Here’s a graph of the population of Iceland. We’ve had our fair share of diseases and volcanic eruptions.
To compare, here’s a graph of the population of sheep. They outnumber us by an order(s) of magnitude.
In the 1780’s there was an event that killed off lots of sheep, so people had the upper hand.
Do we learn more from reading today’s “newspaper” or one from 30, 50, or 100 years ago?
There was a letter to the editor about an eruption and people had to move into the city.
letter: “We can’t have all these people come here, we need to build for our own people first.”
This isn’t too different from our problems today with respect to Syria. In that case, the people actually lived closer.
In the born-digital age, what will the experience look like trying to capture today 40 years hence?
Will it even be possible?
Machine data connections will outnumber “people” data connections by a factor of 10 or more very quickly.
With data, we need to analyze, store, and discard data. How do we decide in a spit-second what to keep & discard?
We’re back to the father-in-law and mother-in-law question: What to get rid of and what to save?
Computing is continually beating human tasks: chess, Go, driving a car. They build on lots more experience based on data
Whoever has the most data on driving cars and landscape will be the ultimate winner in that particular space.
Data is valuable, sometimes we just don’t know which yet.
Hoarding is not a strategy.
You can only guess at what will be important.
“Commercial use in Doubt” The third sub-headline in a newspaper about an early test of television.
There’s more to it than just the web.
Hoarding isn’t a strategy really resonates with librarians, what could that relationship look like?
One should bring in data science, industry may be ahead of libraries.
Cross-disciplinary approaches may be best. How can you get a data scientist to look at your problem? Get their attention?
There’s 60K+ books about the Viet Nam War. How do we learn to integrate what we learn after an event (like that)?
Perspective always comes with time, as additional information arrives.
Scientific papers are archived in a good way, but the underlying data is a problem.
In the future you may have the ability to add supplementary data as a supplement what appears in a book (in a better way)
Archives can give the ability to have much greater depth on many topics.
Are there any centers of excellence on the topics we’re discussing today? This conference may be IT.
We need more people that come from the technical side of things to be watching this online news problem.
Hacks/Hackers is a meetup group that takes place all over the world.
It brings the journalists and computer scientists together regularly for beers. It’s some of the outreach we need.
If you’re not interested in money, this is a good area to explore. 10 minute break.
Don’t forget to leave your thoughts on the questions at the back of the room.
We’re going to get started with our first panel. Why is it important to save online news?
I’m Matt Weber from Rugters University and in communications.
I’ll talk about web archives and news media and how they interact.
I worked at Tribune Corp. for several years and covered politics in DC.
I wanted to study the way in which the news media is changing.
We’re increadingly seeing digital only media with no offline surrogate.
It’s becomign increasingly difficult to do anything but look at it now as it exists.
There was no large scale online repository of online news to do research.
#OccupyWallStreet is one of the first examples of stories that exist online in ocurence and reportage.
There’s a growing need to archive content around local news particularly politics and democracy.
When there is a rich and vibrant local news environment, people are more likely to become engaged.
Local news is one of the least thought about from an archive perspective.
I’m at GWU Librarys in the scholarly technology group.
I’m involved in social feed manager which allows archivists to put together archives from social services.
Kimberly Gross, a faculty member, studies tweets of news outlets and journalists.
We created a prototype tool to allow them to collect data from social media.
Journalists were 2011 primarily using their Twitter presences to direct people to articles rather than for conversation
We collect data of political candidates.
I’m an associate library and representing “Documenting the Now” with WashU, UCRiverside, & UofMd
Documenting the Now revolves around Twitter documentation.
It started with the Ferguson story and documenting media, videos during the protests in the community.
What can we as memory institutions do to capture the data?
We gathered 14million tweets relating to Ferguson within two weeks.
We tried to build a platform that others could use in the future for similar data capture relating to social.
Ethics is important in archiving this type of news data.
Digitally preserving pdfs from news organizations and hyper-local news in Texas.
We’re approaching 5million pages of archived local news.
What is news that needs to be archived, and why?
First, what is news? The definition is unique to each individual.
We need to capture as much of the social news and social representation of news which is fragmented.
It’s an important part of society today.
We no longer produce hard copies like we did a decade ago. We need to capture the online portion.
We’d like to get the perspective of journalists, and don’t have one on the panel today.
We looked at how midterm election candidates used Twitter. Is that news itself? What tools do we use to archive it?
What does it mean to archive news by private citizens?
Twitter was THE place to find information in St. Louis during the Ferguson protests.
Local news outlets weren’t as good as Twitter during the protests.
I could hear the protest from 5 blocks away and only found news about it on Twitter.
The story was bing covered very differently on Twitter than the local (mainstream) news.
Alternate voices in the mix were very interesting and important.
Twitter was in the moment and wasn’t being edited and causing a delay.
What can we learn from this massive number of Ferguson tweets.
It gives us information about organizing, and what language was being used.
I think about the archival portion of this question. By whom does it need to be archived?
What do we archive next?
How are we representing the current population now?
Who is going to take on the burden of archiving? Should it be corporate? Cultural memory institution?
Someone needs to currate it, who does that?
our next question: What do you view as primary barriers to news archiving?
How do we organize and staff? There’s no shortage of work.
Tools and software can help the process, but libraries are usually staffed very thinly.
No single institution can do this type of work alone. Collaboration is important.
Two barriers we deal with: terms of service are an issue with archiving. We don’t own it, but can use it.
Libraries want to own the data in perpetuity. We don’t own our data.
There’s a disconnect in some of the business models for commercialization and archiving.
Issues with accessing data.
People were worried about becoming targets or losing jobs because of participation.
What is role of ethics of archiving this type of data? Allowing opting out?
What about redacting portions? anonymizing the contributions?
Publishers have a responsibility for archiving their product. Permission from publishers can be difficult.
We have a lot of underserved communities. What do we do with comments on stories?
Corporations may not continue to exist in the future and data will be lost.
There’s a balance to be struck between the business side and the public good.
It’s hard to convince for profit about the value of archiving for the social good.
Next Q: What opportunities have revealed themselves in preserving news?
Finding commonalities and differences in projects is important.
What does it mean to us to archive different media types? (think diversity)
What’s happening in my community? in the nation? across the world?
The long-history in our archives will help us learn about each other.
We can only do so much with the resources we have.
We’ve worked on a cyber cemetery product in the past.
Someone else can use the tools we create within their initiatives.
repeating ?: What are issues in archiving longerform video data with regard to stories on Periscope?
How do you channel the energy around archiving news archiving?
Research in the area is all so new.
Does anyone have any experience with legal wrangling with social services?
The ACLU is waging a lawsuit against Twitter about archived tweets.
Outreach to community papers is very rhizomic.
How do you take local examples and make them a national model?
We’re teenagers now in the evolution of what we’re doing.
Peter Arnett just said “This is all ore interesting than I thought it would be.”
Next Presentation: NewsScape: preserving TV news
I’ll be talking about the NewsScape project of Francis Steen, Director, Communication Studies Archive
I’m leading the archiving of the analog portion of the collection.
The oldest of our collection dates from the 1950’s. We’ve hosted them on YouTube which has created some traction.
Commenters have been an issue with posting to YouTube as well as copyright.
NewsScape is the largest collecction of TV news and public affairs programs (local & national)
Prior to 2006, we don’t know what we’ve got.
Paul said “Ill record everytihing I can and someone in the future can deal with it.”
We have 50K hours of Betamax.
VHS are actually most threatened, despite being newest tapes.
Our budget was seriously strapped.
Maintaining closed captioning is important to our archiving efforts.
We’ve done 36k hours of encoding this year.
We use a layer of dead VCR’s over our good VCR’s to prevent RF interference and audio buzzing. 🙂
Post-2006 We’re now doing straight to digital
Preservation is the first step, but we need to be more than the world’s best DVR.
Searching the news is important too.
Showing a data visualization of news analysis with regard to the Heathcare Reform movement.
We’re doing facial analysis as well.
We have interactive tools at viz2016.com.
We’ve tracked how often candidates have smiled in election 2016. Hillary > Trump
We want to share details within our collection, but don’t have tools yet.
Having a good VCR repairman has helped us a lot.
Breaking for lunch…
Talk “Born-digital news preservation in perspective”
There’s a shared consensus that preserving scholarly publications is important.
While delivery models have shifted, there must be some fall back to allow content to survive publisher failure.
Preservation was a joint investment between memory institutions and publishers.
Keepers register their coverage of journals for redundancy.
In studying coverage, we’ve discovered Elsevier is REALLY well covered, but they’re not what we’re worried about.
It’s the small journals as edge cases that really need more coverage.
Smaller journals don’t have resources to get into the keeper services and it’s more expensive.
Many Open Access Journals are passion projects and heavily underfunded and they are poorly covered.
Being mindful of these business dynamics is key when thinking about archiving news.
There are a handful of large news outlets that are “too big to fail.”
There are huge numbers of small outlets like subject verticals, foreign diasporas, etc. that need to be watched
Different strategies should be used for different outlets.
The material on lots of links (as sources) disappears after a short period of time.
While Archive.org is a great resource, it can’t do everything.
Preserving underlying evidence is really important.
How we deal with massive databases and queries against them are a difficult problem.
I’m not aware of studies of link rot with relationship to online news.
Who steps up to preserve major data dumps like Snowden, PanamaPapers, or email breaches?
Social media is a collection of observations and small facts without necessarily being journalism.
Journalism is a deliberate act and is meant to be public while social media is not.
We need to come up with a consensus about what parts of social media should be preserved as news..
News does often delve into social media as part of its evidence base now.
Responsible journalism should include archival storage, but it doesn’t yet.
Under current law, we can’t protect a lot of this material without the permission of the creator(s).
The Library of Congress can demand deposit, but doesn’t.
With funding issues, I’m not wild about the Library of Congress being the only entity [for storage.]
In the UK, there are multiple repositories.
testing to see if I’m still live
What happens if you livetweet too much in one day.